Printing goes through thousands of years. From engraving to type, from clay to lead type, from laser printing to digital printing, the invention, development and application of them, all soak with the wisdom and sweat to spread Chinese national culture. In this long history and culture and this splendid ancient civilization, generations of printing people, with their exquisite skills and wisdom, have left a precious cultural heritage for the Chinese nation. To promote the Chinese culture, and remember the ancient wisdom to continue printing, ancestors created the creative spirit, and inspired future generations to make progress. In June 1st, 1996, in the party and the country's support, in the suppot of two sides and four states, in the joint efforts of the majority of my colleagues in the printing, printing China Museum was officially completed and opened up.
There are methods of printing and museums for printing. Review of the twenty years, Chinese Printing Museum gradually growing, has a solid foundation and gradually spread fame, becoming the world's largest professional printing Museum. It is a reflection of human culture, China's printing and publishing records inheritance process knowledge hall; also a comprehensive display of the origin, invention and development of Chinese printing process. In order to make the audience feel the printing culture and spirit more warmly, the Printing Museum of China has been upgraded to create a digital museum, continuously improve service capabilities, enrich collections and promote scientific research. It Bears in mind the history, explores, carrys forward, builds homes, inherit and spread, display the glorious deeds of ancestors printing and creats the channels of innovation. Integration of modern elements highlights the essence of today's printing culture. This is the fascinating Chinese printing museum.
Figure 1 Chinese Printing Museum
A brief introduction of the Museum Development
Printing culture and printing technology is one of the essence of Chinese traditional culture. It is also an important carrier of Chinese spiritual home and abroad. In June 1983, Mr. Wang Yi and Mr. Wang Fangzi moved to build the Chinese printing museum. In October 1991, Mr. Fan Muhan began to conduct preparatory work. After 5 years, the party and state leaders concerned, in support of the original GAPP. On June 1st, 1996, Chinese Printing Museum was officially completed and opened, and comrade Jiang Zemin personally wrote the name.
The establishment of Chinese Printing Museum is based on all sides of the four compatriots chasing dream, leaders at all levels concerning and supporting the community, and all sides of the four printing industry deserve the celebration of this great project. Whether in the preparation process, or in the day-to-day operation of management, from the state leaders, to the ordinary printing enthusiasts, in various ways people cared for the support of the museum's work.
Figure two On December 4, 1992, Li Tieying, Fan Muhan attended the foundation laying ceremony
Figure three Li Tieying and other leaders attended the inauguration ceremony of the museum in 1996
The Chinese printing museum committee, a number of old comrades and the two sides of the four print publishers, China Printing Association, and Chinese printing union community, overcoming difficulties, and united to build, made outstanding contributions to the construction and development of China printing museum in a sacred sense of historical responsibility and the spirit of high culture consciousness and self-confidence. The course of 20 years of Printing Museum in China condenses the painstaking efforts and emotions of the old and old experts, the persistence and persistence of the printing people, and the support and contribution of all circles of society. Mr. Fan Muhan, the leader of the preparatory work, was on a heavy duty and continued to build the Chinese Printing Museum during his serious illness. Fu Xinian, Wang Xuan, Qi Gong and domestic printing industry predecessors, having brainstormed, and raising donations, made a positive contribution to the establishment of the printing museum.
The construction of the Chinese Printing Museum has been concerned by the leaders of the country. In 1996, chairman Jiang Zemin and vice chairman Lei Jieqiong visited the China printing history exhibition set up by the China Printing Museum in Beijing exhibition center. In 1996 the museum founded year, Premier Li Peng wrote an inscription for the construction of the museum: to promote national culture and the revitalization of the printing industry. Ding Guangen, Li Tieying and other leaders accompanied by printing museum publishers in the original news department inspected CPM. The original comrade Li Lanqing, accompanied by vice premier of the State Council, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, publishers in the original news agency longer than the first, the friends of the State Council Deputy Secretary General Liu Qibao, Vice Minister of education Zhou Yuanqing comrade, visited the Chinese printing museum, and listened to the work report in 1999. In 2006, the museum was founded in 10th anniversary, when LiuQi, a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and a secretary of the Beijing Municipal Committee of the CPC, and, Wang Qishan, mayor of BeiJing, visited the Chinese printing museum. That year the former head of the State Press and publication administration, Comrade --Zhang Xinmin visited the printing museum. In 2015, Jiang Jianguo, Secretary of the Party committee of the State Administration of press and Publication Administration of radio and television, and Sun Shoushan and Comrade Song Mingchang, members of the Party committee, visited the printing museum one after another.
Figure four In 1996, former president Jiang Zemin browse through "Building Museum memorial book" in the Chinese Printing Museum and listened to the introduction of staff
Figure five In 1999, Deputy Prime Minister, Li Lanqing, listened to the work report in the conference room of CPM
20 years of trials and hardships, 20 years of fruitful. Printing has developed into a professional museum with high reputation both at home and abroad, and has achieved fruitful results in exhibitions, collection, research and education. "China printing light" brand exhibition footprint has been all over the country, and has received many awards at all levels; scientific research work has also been successful; many issues and publications have received honors at all levels; collection treasures are increasingly filling. Printing has been established as the national popular science education base, Beijing patriotism education base, and national 3A class tourist attractions. In 2015, the Chinese Printing Museum won the title of "excellent national popular science education base".
our World Museum printing Exhibition
As one of the four great inventions of ancient China, printing has greatly promoted the spread of knowledge and culture, and has made important contributions to the progress of human's thoughts, science and culture. Therefore, people call printing as the "mother of civilization"".
The purpose of the construction of the Printing Museum in China is to carry forward the long and splendid printing culture of the Chinese nation, publicize the wisdom and wisdom of the ancient people, and carry out patriotic education to the young people. The printing technology, as the theme, display the representative print, printing equipment and related raw materials, to display the printing press in the development of culture. It promotes social progress, the dissemination of scientific knowledge and the development of production, and improve the important role of people's life and the international cultural exchange.
China's Printing Museum covers a total floor area of about 8000 square meters, with an exhibition area of about 6000 square meters. It is the largest museum of printing in the world. Our Museum exhibition set up ancient printing exhibition, modern printing and printing equipment exhibition, exhibition hall and other digital exhibition and temporary. The audience can appreciate the famous Tang Dynasty scrolls with "Diamond Sutra", the Southern Song Dynasty edition of " Chunqiu works" in Yuan Dynasty, the rotary type disc invented by Wang Zhen, hand rack printing machine rescued from the ruins of the commercial press bombed by the Japanese invaders in 1932, horseback printing machines used by Jinchaji daily. The museum also has an interactive experience area, so that visitors can experience the ancient paper-making technology, and engraving printing process. In addition, in Germany, China Printing Museum in Austria and Australia are respectively provided with a branch, the exhibition area of nearly 700 square meters.
(1) museum basical display
1. ancient Chinese printing exhibition hall
Figure six ancient hall on the first floor
The ancient Chinese printing exhibition hall is located at the first floor. It displays the historical process of China's ancient printing origin, development, inheritance and propagation from the new stone age to the Qing Dynasty with pictures, text and objects, and illuminates the Oriental legend of printing civilization.
The origin of ancient printing mainly introduces the elements of printing origin: text and paper, the development of text and the evolution of text carrier. It shows rubbings and stamp techology 8000 years ago from the carved symbols to the Sui and Tang Dynasties. The development of ancient printing is one of the key parts of Museum display. The audience can appreciate the famous Tang Dynasty scrolls with "Diamond Sutra"; the most precious "Chunqiu works", "restoration notice to reassure the public in Song dynasty"; Bi Sheng's invention of daub type; moveable type rotary type disk invented by Wang Zhen in yuan dynasty. What Chinese show to the audience is not only the invention of woodblock printing, and printing, color printing, but the invention of the country. The audience can personally conduct woodblock printing operation. The inheritance of printing focuses on the World Cultural Heritage related to printing. The key part of communication through the sand table display of China's printing rumors about China's route, the benefit of the world, and the spirit of selfless printing.
Figure seven the Song Dynasty "Chunqiu" orphan
2. modern exhibition hall
The modern exhibition hall is located on the two floor of the museum, with an exhibition area of about 800 square meters. The exhibition hall is divided into the introduction and development of modern printing technology China modern printing industry, printing and the rise and development of contemporary life three units It shows the process of Chinese printing docking, blending, mutual learning with modern Western printing technology in nineteenth Century. It shows the development speed of the world printing technology changing rapidly. At the same time it shows digital printing and other green network of new concepts and new technology.
Figure eight modern museum
3. printing equipment Hall
The museum is located on the ground floor of the museum, covering an area of about 2200 square meters. It was completed in April 2001. There are many types of prepress, printing and finishing equipment from 1865 to the early 1990s. The equipment has been donated by the domestic and international printing circles, and some of them are very scarce. It Includes hand pulling iron printing machine, early type casting machine, manual phototypesetting machine, the only 45 ton double double color offset printing machine made by the company in 1926, and lithographic printing machine producted in Austria in 1892.
Many machines quietly state the history of the printing revolution. From these machines, we can touch the historical footprints, and we can understand the wisdom and sweat of our forefathers.
Figure nine Museum of underground printing machinery and equipment in China Printing Museum
(2) domestic tour;
Cultural heritage and communication should not just stay in museums, but should actively go out and face the society. In recent years, China Printing Museum "printing light" tour travels throughout not only all corners of the country, but Austria, Germany, the United States, Russia, Britain, Greece, Turkey, Sri Lanka, Serbia and other countries as well as a number of municipalities directly under the central government, the provincial capital city, Taiwan, Hongkong exhibition. It fully shows the glorious history of our ancient printing and the development of the invention to the people of the world. It's the solemn mission of developing Chinese printing culture.
1. On December 1998, the Chinese printing light exhibition was held at the Hongkong cultural center exhibition hall to celebrate the return of Hongkong 1st anniversary.
2. On September 1999, "exhibition" was organized in the fine print Museum exhibition hall to celebrate the 50th anniversary.
3. On May 2000, related activities was held in the people's Cultural Palace "twenty-fourth International Museum Day".
4. On April 2007, "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at the seventeenth session of the Chongqing National Book fair.
5. On April 2008, "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at the eighteenth session of the Zhengzhou National Book fair.
6. On April 2009, "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at the nineteenth session of the Ji'nan National Book fair.
7. On April 2010, "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at the twentieth session of the Chengdu National Book fair.
8. On May 2011, "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at the twenty-first session of the Harbin National Book fair.
9. On June 2011, to celebrate the founding of the Communist Party of great China 90th anniversary, China printing in the museum opened a museum dedicated to large exhibition, organizing the "red printing Exhibition for a period of 2 months".
10. On June 12, 2012, at the twenty-second session of the Ningxia National Book Fair a new and outstanding ancient Xixia printing "Chinese printing light" exhibition was launched.
11. On April 19, 2013, China Printing Museum held "Chinese printing light" exhibition in the twenty-third National Book Fair held in haikou city.
12. On September 12, 2013, China international news publishing technology and equipment expo was held the "Expo" printing history exhibition in Tianjin.
13. On September 24, 2013, the "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held in the fourth session of Changchun book fair, the first Changchun festival.
14. On August 1, 2014, "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at the twenty-fourth session of the Guiyang National Book fair.
15. On September 25, 2015, "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at the twenty-fifth session of the Taiyuan National Book fair.
Figure ten the line before the woodblock printing stage show in Chongqing Book Fair in 2007
Figure eleven the audience are interested in "China printing light" Exhibition in Shandong Ji'nan book fair in 2009
Figure twelve 2015 the queue of audience in Shanxi Book Fair Chinese Printing Museum exhibition
(3) foreign exhibitions
Museum exhibits are actively moving overseas, and over the years, the foreign exhibition has achieved very good social repercussions.
1. On October 20, 2006, sponsored by Chinese Printing Museum, and organized by Shanghai Donnelley Printing Company Limited, the Asian American cultural center, and Chinese Culture Foundation, the Chinese printing light "exhibition was held in the United States New York Manhattan Asian Cultural Center.
2. On September 26, 2007, it attended the twentieth session of the Moscow International Book fair.
3. On October 30, 2008, the grand opening of "Chinese printing light" exhibition was held at Chinese Museum exhibition hall.
4. On October 13, 2009, it participated in the world's largest book fair - sixty-first Frankfurt book fair China guest of honor, and Chinese vice president Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony of the theme pavilion.
5. On April 22, 2010, it attended the seventh session of Chinese Thessaloniki International Book Fair guest of honor.
6. On April 18, 2012, it is held on Earl's forty-first London Book Fair China guest of honor in London , which is the world's second largest international copyright trade fair, the second only to the Frankfurt book fair. It is in Britain and the establishment of diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level 40th anniversary, that it attracted world attention.
7. On November 2, 2013, it attended the thirty-second session of the Istanbul International Book Fair Chinese guest of honor, and the "ancient Chinese publishing printing exhibition" was successfully held.
8. On September 18, 2014, it attended Sri Lanka International Book Fair Chinese honor activities held in colombo in 2014.
9. On October 24, 2014, it participated in the Serbia International Book Exhibition Chinese honor activities held in Belgrade in 2014.
10. On February 11, 2015, it participated in the twenty-second Minsk International Book Fair Chinese guest of honor in Minsk.
11. On May 27, 2015, it attended American Book Fair of printing culture published by ancient Chinese exhibition successfully held in New York Javits.
12. On January 2016, it participated in the India world fair in New Delhi Chinese guest of honor was held in New Delhi.
Figure thirteen Xi Jinping was visiting the printing exhibition of Chinese Museum at the Frankfurt book fair in Germany in 2009.
Figure fourteen On September 5, 2007, China and vice chairman of the organizing committee, Chinese State Councilor Chen Zhili (front left) and Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Medvedev (left two) were visiting woodblock printing technology showcase in the Moscow International Book Fair on sino russia national year.
Figure fifteen In Sri Lanka International Book Fair in 2014, the State Press and publication administration party secretary Jiang Jianguo and kids in Sri Lanka experienced woodblock printing together.
(4) exhibition hall outside the museum;
In addition to the positive foreign exhibition, with the spirit of "going out" to promote Chinese culture printing purposes, China Printing Museum has established a good relationship among Germany, South Korea, Japan, Austria and other countries of the Printing Museum in the beginning. To contribute to the promotion of East West cultural exchanges, international friendly exchanges and the Chinese printing culture, a banch of the museum in the United States, Germany and Austria are respectively built up.
1. On April 15, 2000, invited by Germany Gutenberg Museum, deputy director of China Printing Museum, Lianzhang Zhang and Tian Shengli in a row, attended the 600th anniversary birthday celebration and 100th anniversary of Gutenberg Musuem, covering an area of 100 square meters of "Chinese ancient printing history" exhibition specially. And a lot of replication exhibits have a long-term display. The first branch has been established in the foreign.
2.In 2000, Chinese ancient printing history was displayed in Austria Palace bencek Town, and with an invitation, a long-term exhibition was set up in Austria capital of Vienna college. The second foreign branch was established.
3. On October 30, 2008 , "Chinese printing light" , a grand exhibition was opened in Chinese Museum exhibition hall in Melbourne. From then on, all the exhibits had a long-term display there and the third foreign branch was established.
4. On July 4, 2013, type printing history exhibition in Ming Dynasty was held in Wuxi Dangkou town, and a printing history exhibition hall for the town was established.
Figure sixteen On October 30, 2008, "Chinese printing light" , a grand exhibition was opened in Chinese Museum exhibition hall in Melbourne. From then on, all the exhibits had a long-term display there and the third foreign branch was established.
III to phold far and save history to educate others
As a national excellent science education base, China Printing Museum is also actively innovating and developing overseas while doing the museum's daily exhibitions well in social education, academic research, collection and other aspects of efforts to move forward. The museum continues to deepen the study of ancient and modern printing, and analyzes the stories behind printing cultural relics. It Enriches collections and strengthening education, actively undertakes the study of printing history, carrys forward the light of Chinese printing, and creates the sacred mission of Chinese printing culture resplendence.
(1) publicity and education
As an important platform of Chinese printing culture, the Printing Museum has been paying great attention to the display of the educational function of museums in the construction of museums. In the exhibition hall, many interactive games and videos were designed to display the features of printed culture better. In addition, we should strengthen the construction of Museum interpreters, talk about Chinese printing stories, and let the audience bring the printed stories and printing spirits home, so that they can be internalized.
As the window of cultural communication to enlighten the future, China Printing Museum has the "patriotic education base" and "popular science education base" work as a key work of the project, and actively participate in the "hundreds of science docking and hundreds of science community activities". And it innovatives science community docking units with Beijing city, making science lectures and field tours, Chinese Printing Museum" double base has a significant social benefits.
On September 6, 1997, the Chinese printing museum was named "Beijing patriotism education base" by the Beijing Municipal People's government". On May 1998, the Chinese printing museum was named as the popular science education base in Beijing by the Joint Conference Office of science and technology popularization of Beijing. In 2012, China Printing Museum was approved as the national popular science education base.
Figure seventeen In 2015, China Printing Museum won the "excellent national popular science education base" title
Figure eighteen In 2008, Chinese Printing Museum exhibition service work got the audience's good reputation, and gain the a banner sent by them
(2) academic research
As a professional museum, China printing Printing Industry Museum has always attached great importance to research on the printing history of the experts and scholars at home and abroad. The printing industry is closely linked and actively organized and participate in the seminar on the history of printing. Multiple copies of the paper set were edited with a deep communication and discussion about the printing history in the field of theory and academic knowledge. Among them, the Sixth China Printing History Seminar was held in 2006 in this museum. In 2009, at the Frankfurt International Book Fair in Germany, the theme of the printing history forum, "the history of Twin Towers in the world's printing history", was particularly significant.
Many research projects have been carried out in the museum. In May 2008, the "research" printing color prints of the Liao Dynasty Shakya Muni Buddha project was launched. In addition, projects like "the mud in the invention of movable type and development "," virtual museum collection content "and" China printing cultural heritage protection countermeasure research "," Qing Dynasty "wax printing" empirical research ", were carryed out.
Figure nineteen a interim summary of "China cultural publishing heritage industry protecting countermeasures study"
(3) collection wanted;
Collections are the basis for museums. Strengthening collection of museum collections is also one of the most important tasks of Museum construction. From the starting date, the museum received many donations of friends at home and abroad. Many units and individuals have donated collections to museums.
Many valuable museum collections are donated by museum consultants, experts committees and some social celebrities, such as Qi Gong, Fu Xinian, and other comrades. In order to enrich the collection, the museum also actively contacted the collection.The historical value of the Scriptures and pottery, ancient and modern font type, printing equipment, complete sets of printed books such as Cultural Relics Publishing House masterpiece "Tripitaka" were donated to the museum. In 2005, under the support of the General Administration of press and publication and the State Bureau of cultural relics, the comrades of the Advisory Committee of the museum participated in the auction, and the song version of the spring and Autumn Annals was taken as the treasure of the town hall and the Museum of Chinese printing in tibet. Collection work has been actively supporting the superior leadership. In the administration's help, it received a copy of Shandong pottery of the Dawenkou Culture in 2015, and will absorb the earliest Chinese written in the museum.
Figure twenty Chinese Printing Museum got Dawenkou pottery replica donated by Shandong provincial press and publication
General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that diligent and intelligent Chinese people invented papermaking and printing. The two major inventions has inherited broad and profound Chinese culture of a long history widely and make the Chinese cultural heritage communicate with the world, spread to the world. The construction of the Chinese Printing Museum bears the dream of many generations of printing workers in China and it is a crystallization of the concerted efforts of many enthusiastic people both at home and abroad. Its mission is to carry the fine Chinese printing culture forward, and to display the glorious history of printing, invention, development and dissemination to the people of the world. In the future, the Printing Museum of China will make great efforts to exert its function and to contribute to the construction of a better China.